Renewable energy refers to energy sources that are replenished naturally and can be used repeatedly without depleting them.
These sources of energy include solar, wind, hydro, geothermal, and biomass. Unlike traditional sources of energy such as fossil fuels, renewable energy sources do not emit harmful pollutants into the atmosphere and are considered clean and sustainable.
Solar energy is harnessed from the sun’s rays and converted into electricity through the use of photovoltaic panels. Wind energy is produced by the conversion of wind power into electrical power through wind turbines.
Hydro energy is generated through the movement of water in rivers and lakes, while geothermal energy is produced by the heat generated from within the earth. Biomass energy is derived from organic materials such as wood chips, agricultural waste, and sewage.